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Ep 29. Math fact crisis: strategies for improving numeracy with Brian Poncy

The transcript for this episode is here.

You can listen to the episode here: Chalk & Talk Podcast.

Brian Poncy’s math program and book


M.I.N.D (Measurements and Interventions for Numeracy Development)


Effective Math Interventions: A Guide to Improving Whole-Number Knowledge by Robin Codding, Robert Volpe and Brian Poncy

The Instructional Hierarchy




Articles and resources mentioned in the episode


Fluency [00:04:00]

Binder, C. (1996). Behavioral Fluency: Evolution of a New Paradigm. The Behavior Analyst, 19, 163-197.


Instructional hierarchy [00:05:00]

Haring, N. G., & Eaton, M. D. (1978). Systematic instructional procedures: An instructional hierarchy. In N.G. Haring, T. C. Lovitt, M. D. Eaton, & C. L. Hansen (Eds.), The Fourth R: Research in the Classroom (pp. 23–40). Columbus OH: Merrill.​

Poncy, B. (June, 2023). Using the Instructional Hierarchy to Match Student Skill Patterns to Intervention. Leveraging the science of math instruction to inform school systems and teacher practice [Video]. YouTube. PaTTan Math Conference; PA.


Set size [00:13:30]

Hernandez-Nuhfer, M. P., Poncy, B. C., Duhon, G. D., Solomon, B. G., & Skinner, C. H. (2022). Factors influencing the effectiveness of interventions: An interaction of instructional set size and dose. School Psychology Review, 386-398, doi: 10.1080/2372966X.2020.1777832

Skill-by-treatment interaction [00:14:00]

Burns, M. K., Codding, R. S., Boice, C. H., & Lukito, G. (2010). Meta-analysis of acquisition and fluency math interventions with instructional and frustration level skills: evidence for a skill-by-treatment interaction. School Psychology Review, 39(1), 69-83.

Fontenelle, S., Poncy, B., Solomon. B., & Schutte, G. (2022). A Comparison of Taped Problems and Explicit Timing Interventions on Second-Grade Students’ Digit Correct per Minute Scores. School Psychology Review, doi: 10.1080/2372966X.2020.1823796

Codding, R. S., Shiyko, M., Russo, M., Birch, S., Fanning, E., & Jaspen, D. (2007). Comparing mathematics interventions: Does initial level of fluency predict intervention effectiveness? Journal of School Psychology, 45(6), 603-617. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2007.06.005

Taped problems [00:16:40]

Poncy, B. C., Jaspers, K. E., Hansmann, P., Bui, L., & Matthew, W. B. (2015). A Comparison of Taped-Problems Interventions to Increase Math Fact Fluency: Does the Length of Time Delay Impact Student Learning Rates? Journal of Applied School Psychology, 31, 63-82.


Learning rate [00:34:00]

Skinner, C. H., Fowler, K., Cates, G. L., Poncy, B., Duhon, G. J., Solomon, B. G., & Belfiore, P. J. (2023). Improving learning science: Evaluating and comparing academic interventions using measures of learning speed. Psychology in the Schools. doi: 10.1002/pits.22931


Retrieval, decomposition and counting [00:45:40]

Vasilyeva, M., Laski, E., Shen, C. (2015). Computational Fluency and Strategy Choice Predict Individual and Cross-National Differences in Complex Arithmetic. Developmental Psychology, 51, 1489-1500.​


Poncy, B. (June, 2023). Using the Measures & Interventions for Numeracy Development (M.I.N.D) in Tier 1 to Increase Computation Fluency. Leveraging the science of math instruction to inform school systems and teacher practice [Video]. YouTube. PaTTan Math Conference; PA.



Credit to Brian Poncy and Jazmin Boisclair for this helpful resource page.

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